Venerable K. Sri Dhammananda Maha Thera
Meaning of Prayer
Nature is impartial; it cannot be
flattered by prayers. It does not grant any special favours on request.
Man is not a fallen
creature who begs for his needs as he awaits mercy. According to Buddhism,
man is a potential master of himself. Only because of his deep ignorance
does man fail to realize his full potential. Since the Buddha has shown
this hidden power, man must cultivate his mind and try to develop it by
realizing his innate ability.
Buddhism gives full
responsibility and dignity to man. It makes man his own master. According
to Buddhism, no higher being sits in judgment over his affairs and
destiny. That is to say, our life, our society, our world, is what you and
I want to make out of it, and not what some other unknown being wants it
nature is impartial; it cannot be flattered by prayers. Nature does not
grant any special favours on request. Thus in Buddhism, prayer is
meditation which has self-change as its object. Prayer in meditation is
the reconditioning of one's nature. It is the transforming of one's inner
nature accomplished by the purification of the three faculties?thought,
word, and deed. Through meditation, we can understand that 'we become what
we think', in accordance with the discoveries of psychology. When we pray,
we experience some relief in our minds; that is, the psychological effect
that we have created through our faith and devotion. After reciting
certain verses we also experience the same result. Religious names or
symbols are important to the extent that they help to develop devotion and
The Buddha Himself has
clearly expressed that neither the recital of holy scriptures, nor
self-torture, nor sleeping on the ground, nor the repetition of prayers,
penance, hymns, charms, mantras, incantations and invocations can bring
the real happiness of Nibbana.
Regarding the use of
prayers for attaining the final goal, the Buddha once made an analogy of a
man who wants to cross a river. If he sits down and prays imploring that
the far bank of the river will come to him and carry him across, then his
prayer will not be answered. If he really wants to cross the river, he
must makes some effort; he must find some logs and build a raft, or look
for a bridge or construct a boat or perhaps swim. Somehow he must work to
get across the river. Likewise, if he wants to cross the river of Samsara,
prayers alone are not enough. He must work hard by living a religious
life, by controlling his passion, calming his mind, and by getting rid of
all the impurities and defilements in his mind. Only then can he reach the
final goal. Prayer alone will never take him to the final goal.
If prayer is necessary, it
should be to strengthen the mind and not to beg for gains. The following
prayer of a well-known poet, teaches us how to pray, Buddhists will regard
this as meditation to cultivate the mind:
'Let me not pray to be
sheltered from danger,
but to be fearless in facing them.
Let me not beg for the stilling of my pain,
but for the heart to conquer it.
Let me not crave in anxious fear to be saved,
but for the patience to win my freedom.'
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